PGT vs TGT: Which Exam Will Boost Your Teaching Career?

PGT vs TGT: Which Exam Will Boost Your Teaching Career?

Unveiling the ultimate teaching career booster in India: Discover the real game changer between PGT and TGT exams now!


Teaching is a noble profession that plays a pivotal role in shaping the minds of future generations. In India, aspiring teachers often must go through a rigorous selection process to land a teaching job. Two prominent exams that evaluate the teaching aptitude and subject knowledge of individuals are the Post Graduate Teacher (PGT) exam and the Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) exam. These exams are important milestones, but what sets them apart? Let us delve into the differences and understand which one might be the right fit for your teaching career.

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Eligibility Criteria: A Matter of Degrees

The first major distinction between the PGT and TGT exams lies in their eligibility criteria. The PGT exam primarily requires a master's degree, focusing on specific subjects. The specialization and minimum percentage criteria vary based on the subject and educational board. For example, to appear for the PGT exam in English, one must have a master's degree in English with a minimum of 50% marks.

On the other hand, the TGT exam demands a bachelor's degree in the chosen subject, and the minimum percentage required is typically lower compared to the PGT exam. A bachelor's degree in a relevant subject, along with a B.Ed. (Bachelor of Education) degree, is often preferred for TGT aspirants.

Examination Process: Assessing Aptitude and Knowledge

Both the PGT and TGT exams evaluate candidates on their teaching aptitude and subject knowledge, but there are some noticeable differences in their examination processes.

The PGT exam focuses on assessing the in-depth subject knowledge and specialization of candidates. The exam structure and format may vary among different educational boards, but it typically consists of a written examination followed by an interview or viva voce. The questions in the PGT exam are designed to test candidates' understanding of the subject, their ability to teach the subject effectively, and their overall proficiency in the chosen subject matter.

In contrast, the TGT exam emphasizes candidates' general pedagogical knowledge rather than deep subject specialization. The exam structure and format again vary among different boards, but it usually includes a written examination. The questions in the TGT exam are designed to measure candidates' understanding of teaching methodologies, classroom management, and their ability to impart basic knowledge across multiple subjects.

Also Read - Top 10 Qualities of a Great Teacher

Job Opportunities: Senior Secondary vs. Middle/Secondary Schools

The PGT and TGT exams open doors to different job opportunities in the Indian education system.

Passing the PGT exam enables individuals to apply for higher-level teaching positions in senior secondary schools. These positions often require specialized subject knowledge and expertise. PGT teachers have the opportunity to delve into their chosen subjects and teach them to higher classes, where students are preparing for crucial board exams. Additionally, PGT teachers may have the potential for promotion to higher administrative roles, such as subject coordinators or vice-principals.

On the other hand, the TGT exam qualifies candidates for teaching positions in middle and secondary schools, typically up to class 10. TGT teachers need to have a broad understanding of multiple subjects and possess the ability to teach subjects outside their primary specialization. They play a significant role in building foundational knowledge and preparing students for higher-level studies.

Also Read - UP PGT Salary Scale: How Much Can You Earn as a PGT

Salary and Benefits: Comparing Compensation Packages

When it comes to salary and benefits, the disparity between PGT and TGT positions becomes apparent.

PGT teachers generally enjoy a higher starting salary compared to TGT teachers. The specialization and expertise demanded by PGT positions make them more attractive and financially rewarding. Additionally, PGT teachers may receive allowances and benefits like medical insurance, housing allowances, and travel allowances. They also have the potential for increment and growth in pay scales, depending on experience and performance.

TGT teachers, on the other hand, typically start with a moderate salary. While the initial compensation may be lower compared to PGT positions, TGT teachers still receive benefits and allowances. As they gain experience and expertise, they also have the potential to move up the pay scale through increments.


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The choice between the PGT and TGT exams depends on various factors, including educational qualifications, subject specialization, career aspirations, and personal preferences.

The PGT exam caters to individuals with postgraduate degrees who have a passion for a specific subject and wish to specialize in it. It opens doors to higher-level teaching positions and potentially, higher administrative roles. On the other hand, the TGT exam suits those who enjoy teaching multiple subjects and are comfortable imparting foundational knowledge to middle and secondary school students.

It is crucial to thoroughly understand the differences between the PGT and TGT exams before making a decision. Consider your educational background, subject expertise, and long-term career goals. Ultimately, both PGT and TGT teachers play essential roles in the Indian education system, shaping the minds of students and contributing to the nation's progress.